References for all Haiti & Coffee articles

Alexander, Leslie. “A Pact with the Devil? The United States and the Fate of Modern Haiti,” Origins: Current Events in Historical Perspective, The Ohio State University and Miami University, (vol. 4, no. 5: February 2011). 

Brion Davis, David. “Impact of the French and Haitian Revolutions,” The Impact of the Haitian Revolution in the Atlantic World, ed. David P. Gegus, University of South Carolina Press, 2020. 

Bulmer-Thomas, Victor. “Haiti: from Independence to US Occupation,” The economic History of the Caribbean since the Napoleonic Wars, Cambridge University Press: 2012, pp. 160-194.

Choi, Hyeyoon. “How Colonial-Era Debt Helped Shape Haiti’s Poverty and Political Unrest,” abc News, (24 July 2021), accessed 18 September 2021.

Henoschsberg, Simon. “Public Debt and Slavery: The Case of Haiti (1760-1915),” Paris School of Economics, ed. Thomas Piketty, December 2016. 

Hutchinson, Lincoln. “Coffee Valorization in Brazil,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, (vol. 23, no. 3: May 1909), pp. 528-535.

Lalueza-Fox, C. et al. “MtDNA from extinct Tainos and the peopling of the Caribbean. Annals of Human Genetics,” (vol. 65: 2001), pp. 137-151.

McKey, Colin. “The Economic Consequences of the Haitian Revolution,” University of Oregon, supervised by Jennifer Ellis, June 2016. 

Obregon, Liliana. “Empire, Racial Capitalism and International Law: The Case of Manumitted Haiti and the Recognition Debt.” Leiden Journal of International Law, Cambridge University Press, (vol. 31, no. 3: 2018), pp. 597–615. doi:10.1017/S0922156518000225.

Philips, Anthony. “Haiti, France and the Independence Debt of 1825,” Institute for Justice and Democracy in Haiti, University of San Francisco, 2018. Retrieved at,%20France%20and%20the%20Independence%20Debt%20of%201825_0.pdf

Suggs, David. “The Long Legacy of the U.S. Occupation of Haiti” The Washington Post, August 6, 2021.

Ukers, William H. All About Coffee, The Tea and Coffee Trade Journal, (New York: 1922). Digitized by the University of Michigan.

Voltaire, Frantz. “Une histoire de la banque en Haïti" Le Centre International de Documentation et d'Information Haïtienne, Caribéenne et Afro-canadienne. (Montréal, 2015). 44 minutes.

Ward Barber, Jennifer. “Haiti’s Coffee: Will it Come Back,” The Atlantic, January 27, 2010,

“Rapport au roi, fait par la commission créée par l'ordonnance du 1er septembre 1825,” à Paris, de l’imprimerie royale (Archives Nationales, 1826), retrieved on the University of Florida Digital Collections.